MATERNAL & CHILD HEALTH SERVICES

Mother and child health is an important dimension of community health nursing. The term “maternal and child health services” refers to a “package” of integrated health services designed to promote…

DEVELOPMENT OF MATERNITY SERVICES

Bhore Committee (1946) The Bhore Committee (Health Survey and Development Committee) in their famous report urged a very high priority for MCH services in the development of health services in…

MATERNITY CYCLE

  The stages in maternity cycle are : i) Fertilization ii) Antenatal or prenatal period iii) Intranatal period iv) Postnatal period Health care and supervision is required in all stages…

ANTENATAL CARE

Antenatal or prenatal care is care of the woman during pregnancy. Ideally this care should begin long before pregnancy (pre-conceptional care), and continue throughout the period of pregnancy. Aims of…

INTRANATAL CARE

Intranatal (or natal) care is care of the mother at the time of delivery. It begins with the onset of labour and ends with the 3rd stage of labour. The…

POSTNATAL CARE

The puerperium (or the postnatal period) commences after the delivery of the placenta and membranes and includes the first 6 weeks after delivery. During this period, the woman’s reproductive organs…

Child Care

It is customary to divide childhood into the following age periods : 1. Infancy (up to 1 year of age) (a) Neonatal period (first 28 days of life) (b) Post-neonatal…

BREAST FEEDING TIPS

Preparation of Mother The best time to prepare the mother for breast-feeding is during pregnancy through individual talks or group discussions. The more the mother knows about pregnancy and child…

Feed The Children

Since mother’s milk alone cannot sustain the growth of the infant beyond 4 to 6 months, additional foods should be introduced at about 4 months, and not later than 6…

Immunizations For Children

Immunization is the best and cheapest investment in the health of children. A national immunization programme has been in operation in India since 1978, first under the banner of Expanded…

STATISTICS RELATED TO MCH

Vital and health statistics are basic requirements for the identification of health problems. Available evidence indicates an exceedingly high death rate in children under 5 years of age, in spite…