DIABETES MELLITUS IN CHILDHOOD

Diabetes affecting children is a relatively common problem. Most cases of diabetes in childhood are insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus which has a pack age of onset at 12 years. The…

SHUNT FOR HYDROCEPHALUS

A shunt is a drainage tube inserted into the brain to treat hydrocephalus, a disorder in which cerebrospinal fluid builds up in the brain cavities. The shunt diverts the excess…

VISION TESTS IN CHILDREN

Vision tests in children are specifically designed for their age and ability and are routinely performed to look for defects that may delay normal development and learning. Vision can be…

HEARING TESTS IN CHILDREN

Tests for impaired hearing that are specially designed for the age of the child are now routinely performed throughout childhood. Screening of newborn babies is increasingly being done using tests…

Infancy and Childhood

FROM THE MOMENT OF BIRTH, babies begin a process of adaptation to the world. Over a short space of time, dependent newborns grow and develop physically, mentally, and socially into…

The Newborn Baby

A full-term newborn baby weighs on average 7 lb 11 OZ (3.5 kg), measures 20 in (51 cm) in length, and is well prepared for survival. Many aspects of a…

Puberty

Puberty is a period of rapid growth and physical change, during which adolcsccnts become sexually mature. The age at. which puberty begins and the rate of growth are influenced by…