ABC of Resuscitation

The ABC of resuscitation is the most important principle of first aid. The “ABC” stands for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. The ABC of resuscitation is a procedure that enables you…

Recovery Position for Infants

The recovery position is the safest position in which to hold an unconscious infant until medical help arrives. This position prevents the tongue from falling to the back of the…

HOME FIRST AID KIT

Having the correct supplies can make a big difference in an emergency, and you should always keep a supply of essential first aid materials at home and in the car….

Anaphylactic Shock

Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening allergic reaction to a particular food, drug, or insect sting. It can develop within seconds or a few minutes. The victim may be anxious and…

Severe Burns

A severe burn may involve all the layers of the skin. If it is very severe, it may also destroy the tissues underlying the skin. The affected area may appear…

INTERNAL HEMORRHAGE

Hemorrhage from an internal organ may result from injury, such as a crush, blow, fracture of a rib, of the pelvis or of the skull, or may be caused by…

Minor Burns and Scalds

A minor burn involves damage to only the top layer of skin. The injured area may be red and painful and may swell and blister. Although minor burns can be…

Major Seizures

A major seizure is a disturbance in the electrical activity of the brain that leads to muscular spasms and loss of body control. Recurring major seizures are associated mainly with…

Spinal Injury

The main danger of dealing with someone with spinal injury is the risk of causing further damage to the spine or of severing the spinal cord. Spinal injury is potentially…

Head Injury

It is usually difficult to determine the extent of damage in head injuries, and proper assessment by trained medical staff is required. You should suspect a head injury if there…

Human and Animal Bites

A bite from a human or a wild or domestic animal carries a high risk of transmitting infection. Even a superficial bite should be assessed by a doctor as soon…

BITES AND STINGS

Dog bites are small punctured wounds and should be treated by covering with a clean dry dressing. The casualty should be advised to see a doctor. Snake Bites. Poisonous snakes…

Choking in Infants

Infants can easily choke on a small object. A choking infant may make high-pitched squeaking noises, the face may become red then blue, and he or she may appear to…

DRESSINGS

A dressing is a covering applied to a wound or to an injured part and may be used:— (a) To assist in controlling bleeding (hemorrhage). (b) To protect a wound…