FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY

Forensic Science includes those aspects of scientific fields which are applicable and useful for the purpose of law. A Forensic Science Laboratory pertakes the relevant jobs. Criminal investigation, in which…

DELIVERY AFTER PREGNANCY

Delivery means birth of a child with or without external help. The legal issues linked with delivery are: 1. Infanticide (unwanted birth) 2. Concealment of birth (is a criminal offence)…

What Is Pregnancy

Pregnancy occurs in a woman due to embeding or impregnation of a fertilised ovum or zygote, deep in the endometrium of the uterus. The ovum is fertilised in the isthmus…

VIRGINITY AND DEFLORATION

Virginity means inexperience of sexual intercourse on the part of a woman. Defloration means loss of virginity, i.e., experiencing sexual intercourse by a woman for once at least. Virginity and…

IMPOTENCE, FRIGIDITY AND STERILITY

These conditions are getting increasing legal importances in our society. Before discussing these conditions, for better understanding an expressable conception of sexual intercourse or coitus should be there. Sexual intercourse…

HYPOMANIA AND MANIA

These are essentially affective disorders or disorders involving the mood of the subject with manifestation of excitement and elation of the mood. The patient is optimistic, confident with general feeling…

EPILEPTIC INSANITY

Schizophrenic disorders may have a relationship with epilepsy, particularly with temporal lobe epilepsy. In epileptic schizophrenia, catatonia is less common. In epileptics, abnormal behaviour may occur during – 1. The…

DEMENTIAS

Dementia means degeneration of the mental faculties after full development. There is lack of memory, judgement and intelligence, mental depression, lack of interest and initiative. The sufferer may lead a…

The Forensic Psychiatrist

In this country, Forensic Psychiatry is one of the least developed branch or field of both Forensic Medicine and Psychiatry. Neither a Forensic specialist is encouraged or is interested in…

DIAGNOSIS OF MENTAL UNSOUNDNESS

Diagnosis of mental unsoundness needs careful examination and involve the following steps – 1. History taking 2. Examination of the physical state 3. Examination of the mental state 4. Special…

What Is Mental Retardation

Synonyms – Mental deficiency, mental handicap, Mental subnormality, amentia. In mental retardation,, there is a state of arrested development of mind from birth or early childhood. 5% of all babies…

What Is Schizophrenia

This condition includes all those illnesses, in all age groups which are characterised from the onset of the illness, by primary or fundamental disturbances in the personality, thinking process, behaviour,…

ADEPOCERE FORMATION

Adepocere change in the dead body is another modification of decomposition. What is adepocere formation – It is formation of soft, whitish, crumbly, waxy and greasy material occurring in fatty…

PSYCHOPATHIC DISORDER

Psychopaths or sociopaths have repeated or recurrent episodes of impulsive behaviour not desirable and agreeable to the social structure. The activities of a psychopath are essentially those of an anti-social….

MUMMIFICATION

When due to environmental conditions, there is drying or dessication of the soft tissues of the body, the process of normal decomposition or putrefaction of the dead body is prevented…

POSTMORTEM LIVIDITY

(Synonyms — post mortem hypostasis, postmortem lividity, livor mortis, vivices, suggilation, postmortem staining). It is another early change of the body after death. It is the discolouration that occurs due…

DECOMPOSITION (PUTREFACTION)

After death, the body’s protective functions are absent and its defence barrier is lost. Saprophytic micro-organisms which cannot invade the body during life, physical and chemical agents which are present…

ESTIMATION OF THE TIME OF DEATH

Estimation of time of death is a part of medicolegal inferences drawn after postmortem examination of dead bodies. But in reality, the investigating police officer is more concerned with the…