Cough – Causes & Treatment

A reflex response to irritation or infection of the respiratory tract. LIFESTYLE: More common in smokers AGE GENDER GENETICS: Not significant factors A cough is a protective reflex action that…

Hiccups – Causes & Treatment

A sudden and involuntary intake of air, producing an unmistakable sound. AGE GENDER GENETICS LIFESTYLE: Not significant factors Virtually everyone has an occasional attack of hiccups. In most cases, they…

Chest X-ray

A chest X-ray is often one of the first tests used to investigate lung and heart conditions because it is painless, quick, and safe. To create the image, X-rays are…

Lung Disorders

The lower part of the respiratory system consists of the trachea, which divides into the two bronchi and then into smaller air passages, and the lungs. The lungs can be…