Abortion

Bleeding from the vagina is abnormal at any stage of pregnancy and may be due to many causes. Some are of little or no significance while others are potentially more…

NON-GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

1. Rockefeller Foundation This philanthropic organization was established in USA in 1913 by Mr. John D. Rockefeller. Its activities in India began in 1920 when it supported a scheme aimed…

BILATERAL AGENCIES

1. Colombo Plan This was conceived at a meeting of Commonwealth Foreign Ministers in Colombo in 1950. It consists of a group of 20 developing countries in South and South…

OTHER UN AGENCIES

Those specially active in the area of health include UNICEF, FAO, UNDP, ILO and World Bank. The United Nations University, with headquarters in Tokyo, promotes global research and understanding in…

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

After the Second World War, the United Nations Organization (UNO), was established in 1945 to maintain world peace and security. It was proposed by some member countries of UNO that…

PRE-WHO EFFORTS

International Sanitary Conference (1851) The first international efforts, directed towards evolving uniform quarantine regulations, were in the form of the International Sanitary Conference, 1851, in which many European countries participated,…

International Health

Health of the people in a country cannot be isolated from health of mankind in general. This is clear from the following examples: (i) Diseases spread from one country to…

WHAT IS GENERAL PRACTICE?

The Indian Medical Association has defined general practice in medicine as a discipline adopted by a qualified medical man, called a General Practitioner, who,for the purpose of alleviation of human…

NATIONAL MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAM

The Government of India launched the National Mental Health Program in 1985 during the seventh five year plan. Objectives 1. To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care…

MENTAL HEALTH CARE

There have been three major revolutions in the mental health care in the world, the first was brought about by Phillipe Pinel in 1975 when he introduced a humane approach…

DRUG ADDICTION

Drug addiction has markedly increased during past two decades all over the world, including India, and has assumed epidemic proportions according to the WHO. The highest incidence of the epidemic…

TYPES OF MENTAL DISORDERS

Mental health problems can be of various types. On the one hand are the psychiatric disorders classified as psychosis and neurosis. Then there are the disorders peculiar to particular age…

ETIOLOGY

The etiology of mental ill-health is very complex and not well understood. A very large group of mental disorders is still called ‘functional’ because no pathological, biochemical or hormonal changes…

PREVALENCE OF MENTAL ILLNESS

The prevalence of mental illness shows wide variation in various surveys. This is partly because of the fact that there is no universally accepted definition of what constitutes mental illness….

Mental Health

Mental Health is one of the three important aspects of health (others being physical and social) incorporated in the WHO definition of health. Just as physical health is subject to…

ADMINISTRATIVE ASPECTS

Promotive, preventive, curative as well as rehabilitative measures have to be taken for the geriatric problems discussed above. In England, the old are the heaviest users of the health service…