MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

MEN REACH THEIR PEAK of sexual activity at about age 16-18 just after they reach puberty. Since they are able to produce sperm continuously from puberty onward, men remain fertile…

CIRCUMCISION

Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin, which is the skin covering the head of the penis (the glans). The operation may be done if the foreskin is too…

PARTIAL PROSTATECTOMY

There are several different operations to treat an enlarged prostate gland. The most common type is a partial or transurethral prostatectomy, in which only part of the prostate gland is…

PROSTATE GLAND BIOPSY

A prostate gland biopsy is used to diagnose prostate cancer. In the most common type of biopsy, an ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum in order to visualize the…

Female Reproductive System

THE CENTRAL ROLE of the female reproductive system is carried out by the ovaries, which produce sex cells, called ova or eggs, containing genetic material. When an egg fuses with…

MENSTRUAL CYCLE

Each month between puberty and menopause, a woman’s body goes through the menstrual cycle in preparation for conception and pregnancy. A mature egg is released, and the lining of the…

CHANGES DURING MENOPAUSE

Menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, when a woman*s ovaries stop responding lo follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and produce less of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone….

ROLE OF THE BREASTS

Breasts have a role in sexual arousal, but their main function is to produce and deliver milk to a newborn baby. Hormonal changes in late pregnancy stimulate the¬†production of milk…

LAPAROSCOPY

During laparoscopy, a rigid viewing instrument called a laparoscope is used to view the inside of the pelvis and the abdomen through small abdominal incisions. Laparoscopy may be done to…

TUBAL LIGATION

Tubal ligation is a permaneni method of contraccption suitable for women who do not want any more children or for whom pregnancy would be harmful. The operation seals the fallopian…

HYSTEROSCOPY

A hysteroscope is an instrument used lo see inside the uterus and fallopian tubes. Hysteroscopy is done lo diagnose disorders such as uterine polyps and can be performed under general…