FRUSTRATIONS AND CONFLICTS

Frustrations All people have needs — biological, social, economic, which they try to satisfy. When they are unable to meet their heeds and desires, they feel frustrated. The sources of…

DEFENCE MECHANISMS

When an individual is faced with problems, difficulties or failures, he employs certain ways or devices to achieve health, happiness or success. These are called defence mechanisms. Psychologists have identified…

Individual Rights

Rights of the Individual : During the 19th Century, the rights of man received some small recognition. In 1946 the subject of human rights again received attention. In 1948, the…

Types of Families & Cycle

The family is a basic unit in all societies. It is defined as a “group of biologically related individuals living together, and eating from a common kitchen”. As a biological…

CULTURAL PATTERNS

The word “culture” is widely used in sociology. It is defined as “the training and refinement of mind, tastes and manners”. Culture is the product of human society; and man…

THE COMMUNITY

No man is an island. Long ago, Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, remarked that he who doesn’t need society is either a beast or God. From the time of birth until…

SOCIAL PROBLEMS

In a community, there are both individual and social problems. When individual problems affect a large number of people, they become social problems. Some of the present day social problems…

Social Service Agencies

Social welfare services have always been an integral part of the socio-cultural tradition of India. Soon after Independence, on the basis of a survey made by the Planning Commission, it…

EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

Education is one of the fundamental rights of man. The purpose of 7 education is to “socialise” children so that they may imbibe the social values and norms of society…

STANDARD OF LIVING

The term “standard of living” refers to the expenditure we incur, the goods we consume, and services we enjoy. It includes food, dress, house, amusements; and in short, the mode…

FAMILY BUDGETING

Family budgeting is needed when the income is fixed, and the basic needs of the family are to be met. It is a difficult exercise; it is all the more difficult when the…

SOCIAL SECURITY

Social security is defined as that “security that society furnishes through appropriate organization, against certain risks to which its members are exposed”. The risks which social security covers in most…

POPULATION EXPLOSION

When the crude death rate is substracted from crude birth rate, the net residual is called the annual rate of growth. In countries where the growth rate is more than…