Active Principle – Aristolochin – Respiratory paralysis and mascular weakness, Haemorrhagic nephritis and G.I. irretation when taken orally.
Treatment – Application of antiseptic and antiallergic ointment.
Medicolegal aspects – Contact dermatitis.
POISON OAK and SUMAC are two other plants which are skin irritants and cause rash and dermatitis, on touch.
ST. JOHN’S WORT causes photosensitisation in fair-complexioned subjects, who after touch with parts of plants are exposed to sun light.
Treatment in these cases consists of use of antiallergic ointment, locally.