(Toxic effect of plant parts, or diuted preparation)
Camphor is the active principle, present in the stem.
Signs and symptoms – There is pain in the abdomen, circulatory collapse and convulsion. Death is due to cardiac failure. In chronic poisoning there is neurological symptoms with convulsion. There may be hallucination and delusion.
Treatment – In acute cases, stomach wash, maintenance of circulation and use of paraldehyde may be necessary to combat convulsion. In chronic cases precautions against further exposure.
Medicolegal aspects – Acute poisoning may occur in children accidentally or in adult due to suicidal use. Chronic poisoning may occur in workers and users. It is used by many .in water or in sweet-meat preparations.