The active principle colocynthin is present in the fruits.
Signs and symptoms – Pain in the abdomen, blood tinged watery diarrhoea; raised body temperature, circulatory collapse.
Treatment – Symptomatic.
P.M. findings – Irritation of the G.I. tract, inflammation of the kidneys, congested organs.
Medicolegal aspects – Poisoning is accidental ; used as an abortifacient agent.