The active principle is cinehole, a volatile oil present maximum in the leaves of the plant.
Signs and symptoms – There are dyspnoea, cyanosis, excitement, ataxia, convulsion. Death occurs due to circulatory collapse.
Treatment – Safeguarding respiration, maintenance of circulation and other symptomatic treatment.
Medicolegal aspects – Poisoning may occur due to accidental swallowing of eucalyptus oil by mistake for some other thing. Suicidal poisoning is very uncommon. Homicidal poisoning is not possible for its detectable smell.